Ovarian Cystectomy

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops on a woman’s ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common and they do not usually cause any symptoms.In most cases, they are harmless and usually disappear without the need for treatment.However, if the cyst is large or is causing symptoms, it will probably have to be surgically removed.

Treatment

If you have an ovarian cyst, whether it needs to be treated will depend on:

  • its appearance and size
  • whether you have any symptoms
  • whether you have had the menopause (post-menopausal women have a slightly higher risk of developing ovarian cancer)

Surgery

If the cyst is large, or if it is causing symptoms, it will probably need to be removed. Sometimes it is recommend that the cyst be removed even if it is not causing symptoms. This is because it is not always possible to tell what type of cyst it is without looking at it under a microscope. Removing it also reduces the risk of the cyst becoming cancerous later on.

Cysts are removed either by laparoscopy(key hole) or by laparotomy, which are usually carried out under general anaesthetic.

If the cyst is found to be cancerous, you may need to have treatment to remove both of your ovaries, your womb (uterus) and some of the surrounding tissue.

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